Belagavi Border Dispute case to be heard soon in Supreme Court of India
Belagavi Border Dispute:
The State assigns two ministers to manage the matter and a hearing before Supreme Court is shortly to come.
What is Belagavi Border Dispute ?:
The Indian states of Karnataka and Maharashtra disagree over which state Belagavi should legally be a part of. This conflict is known as the Belagavi border dispute or the Belgaum border dispute. Belagavi, currently a district of Karnataka, was formerly a part of the Bombay Presidency in British India, along with parts of modern-day Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.
The state administration has decided to ask the Supreme Court (SC) to expedite the legal processes as the hearing regarding the inclusion of 865 villages in neighboring districts in Maharashtra of the Belagavi Border Dispute is anticipated to start.
Leaders from all parties gathered in Mumbai to form a high-level committee of 19, which made the decision to ask the supreme court to accelerate the hearing. Senior ministers Chandrakant Patil and Shambhuraj Desai have been appointed to a two-person commission to monitor the Supreme Court’s progress.
In addition, the state administration on Monday said that it will extend social programs like health insurance, benefits from the chief minister assistance fund, and pensions to the surviving family members of those killed in the Belagavi Border Dispute.
Devendra Fadnavis, the deputy chief minister, declared, “We are extending the social schemes to the people from the border areas until the court decision.”
According to a general administration department official, the state government will ask the SC to reject the Karnataka government’s motion because it argued that the central government, not the court, has the authority to determine the matter.
He explained that the State Reorganisation Act of 1956 and the Bombay Reorganisation Act of 1960 were responsible for delineating the boundaries and reorganizing the areas.
Through a lawsuit filed in 2004, the Maharashtra government sought control over Belagavi city and 865 villages spread across four districts: Belagavi, Bidar, Karwar, and Gulbarga.
Whereas the Mahajan Commission report said in its recommendations that, Belagavi should continue to stay in Karnataka and 247 villages along with Solapur, Jatta, and Akkalakote to be part of Karnataka. The lawsuit is based on the committee’s recommendations, which were presided over by former SC Chief Justice YV Chandrachud.
Resolution Steps Taken for Belagavi Border Dispute: In 1960, the two States decided to form a four-person committee with two representatives from each State. Except for the contiguity issue, the committee was unable to reach a consensus.
Chief ministers from Maharashtra and Karnataka met multiple times during the 1960s and 1980s in an attempt to resolve the thorny problem but to no avail.
Response of the Union Government to Belagavi Border Dispute:
The Mahajan Committee was established by the Union government in 1966 to evaluate the situation. The group had members from both sides, including Maharashtra and the former Mysore state.
The committee in 1967 suggested giving Maharashtra several villages in the Karwar, Haliyal, and Suparna talukas of Karnataka while leaving Belagavi with the southern state.
Supreme Court response:
In 2006, the Supreme Court ruled that the matter should be settled through discussion and that the linguistic criterion should not be taken into consideration as it may lead to more concrete issues.
The Supreme Court is still considering the matter of the Belagavi Border Dispute, whose latest updates are covered in this article.
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